Services must be rigorously evaluated if we are to maximise benefits and minimise risks, say Martin Marshall and colleagues
People are familiar with using digital technologies to make their lives easier. The health sector has been slower to adopt technological innovations than the banking, retail, and travel industries, but it is catching up. In 2017 the global digital health industry was worth £19bn (€21bn; $25bn) and over 320 000 mobile health apps were in regular use.
Online consulting is one of the fastest growing technologies. In the US it has been commonplace for over a decade, and many health insurers, emboldened by some supportive research evidence, offer such services routinely to reduce costs. Similar services are now being established in the UK, driven by rapid developments in the supporting technologies, consumer demand for convenient and accessible services, and the need to find solutions to rising workload and constrained resources.
We examine how online consulting is developing in UK general practice and its emerging benefits and risks. We focus on text and video based online technologies, which are being used as alternatives to face-to-face consultations. In addition, we explore a number of complex questions that the emergence of online consultations is raising for policy makers, practitioners, and patients.